|Beschreibung||A Battery Charger Using The TSM101|
Gesamt 4 Seiten
A BATTERY CHARGER USING THE TSM101
by S. LAFFONT
This technical note shows how to use the TSM101
integrated circuit with a switching mode power
supply (SMPS) to realize a battery charger.
An example of realization of a 12V Nickel-cadmium
battery charger is given.
1 - TSM101 PRESENTATION
The TSM101 integrated circuit incorporates a high
stability series band gap voltage reference, two
ORed operational amplifiers and a current source
Figure 1 : TSM101 Schematic Diagram
1 Vref 8
This IC compares the DC voltage and the current
level at the output of a switching power supply to
an internal reference.It provides a feedback
through an optocoupler to the PWM controller IC in
the primary side.
The controlled current generator can be used to
modify the level of current limitation by offsetting
the information coming from the current sensing
A great majority of low or medium end power
supplies is voltage regulated by using shunt pro-
grammable voltage references like the TL431
The galvanic insulation of the control information is
done by using an opto-coupler in linear mode with
a variable photo current depending on the differ-
ence between the actual output voltage and the
A current limitation is used to protect the power
supply against short circuits, but lacks precision.
This limitation is generally realized by sensing the
current of the power transistor, in the primary side
of the SMPS.
The role of the TSM101 is to make a fine regulation
of the output current of the SMPS and a precise
The primary current limitation is conserved and
acts as a security for a fail-safe operation if a
short-circuit occurs at the output of the charger.
2 - PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
The current regulation loop and the voltage limita-
tion loop use an internal 1.24V band-gap voltage
reference. This voltage reference has a good pre-
cision (better than 1.5%) and exhibits a very stable
The current limitation is performed by sensing the
voltage across the low ohmic value resistor R5 and
comparing it to a fixed value set by the bridge
composed by R2 and R3 (Figure 3).
When the voltage on R5 is higher than the voltage
on R3 the output of the current loop operational
amplifier decreases. The optocoupler current in-
creases and tends to reduce the output voltage by
the way of the PWM controller.
The voltage regulation is done by comparing a part
of the output voltage (resistor bridge R6, R7 and
P1) to the voltage reference (1.24V).
If this part is higher than 1.24V, the output of the
voltage loop operational amplifier decreases.
|Seiten||Gesamt 4 Seiten|
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